Category Archives: analysis

Factorial vs Factorial: Some classical approximations

Since the dawn of time, humanity has been fascinated by the factorial function. This function is defined for all natural numbers, and the factorial of the natural number $n$ is denoted by $n!$. The number $n!$ is best defined as the number of permutations of $n$ objects. The number of permutations of no objects is […]

Convergent or divergent?

Series hold endless fascination. To converge or not to converge? That is the question. Let’s take the series $1 + 1/2 + 1/3 + \cdots$. It’s called the harmonic series, and it diverges. That’s because it is greater than the series $$1 + 1/2 + 1/4 + 1/4 + 1/8 + 1/8 + 1/8 + […]

Partitioning intervals in the real line

Did you know that the closed interval $[0,1]$ cannot be partitioned into two sets $A$ and $B$ such that $B = A + t$ for some real number $t$? Of course, the half-open interval $[0,1)$ can so be partitioned: $A = [0,1/2)$ and $t = 1/2$. Why is this? I will leave the full details […]

Graphing the Mandelbrot Set

A class of fractals known as Mandelbrot sets, named after Benoit Mandelbrot, have pervaded popular culture and are now controlling us. Well, perhaps not quite, but have you ever wondered how they are drawn? Here is an approximation of one: From now on, Mandelbrot set will refer to the following set: for any complex number […]